PHEV: Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle – Plug-in Electric Hybrid Vehicle
These are like the previous ones, hybrids, and also pluggable. The main difference is that they have greater autonomy than the previous ones, being able to reach 50 km in electric mode with a larger battery that allows this difference, and it is precisely the main difference with respect to the previous ones. Like the previous ones, there is still a combustion engine that performs its main functions and batteries that exceed 40km of autonomy and that thanks to this they get the Zero emissions label. This difference makes it possible to enter and exit large cities without emissions, although it also increases their weight, resulting in greater fuel consumption over long distances.
These plug-in hybrid vehicles allow sufficient autonomy to circulate without emissions and engine noise. The electric motor allows to circulate at low revolutions, but when we ask the motor for more power, the combustion engine starts working and the electric motor is disconnected.
When we ask the car for a very strong acceleration, it can combine the power of the combustion engine and that of the electric, adding the powers of both engines.
BEV: Battery Electric Vehicle – Battery Electric Vehicle
They refer to vehicles whose only traction is the electric motor. Like plug-in hybrids, they have one or more electric motors and large batteries. Like these, they are also recharged with braking or speed reduction, but we also have the battery charge, plugging the car into a charger, slowly like home plugs or at high speed using fast charging plugs.